Pathology at SKMCH&RC, Lahore

The Pathology Laboratory at SKMCH&RC, Lahore consists of the Anatomical and Clinical Pathology sections including Blood Bank. With its comprehensive test menu, more than 5 million tests and procedures are performed every year. Both the Laboratory and Blood Bank are open 24 hours a day, 7 days a week, with consultant pathologists available on call round the clock.


For the convenience of our patients, laboratory test results can be accessed online on our website. Test results remain with us indefinitely as a result of our advanced patient data management systems.

Our modern laboratory facility has a robust quality assurance and patient safety program. The high standards of the Shaukat Khanum Pathology Laboratory and ongoing pursuit of excellence are evidenced by the laboratory’s registration with the College of American Pathologists (CAP) for proficiency testing sustaining successful results over the years. The laboratory is also ISO 9001:2015 certified, JCI (Joint Commission International) accredited and certified by the PHC (Punjab Healthcare Commission), including Blood Bank certification from Punjab Blood Transfusion Authority (PBTA). The reliability and dependability of the laboratory is evident from its ever-increasing demand and workload.

The laboratory’s dedicated team of highly qualified clinical laboratory technologists, assisted by a team of foreign qualified pathology consultants, is central to our commitment to continuous quality improvement serving the nation 24/7. A combined commitment to quality and service is magnified by the talent and expertise of our staff.

Anatomical Pathology
The Anatomical Pathology division, the heart of the Pathology Department, provides surgical pathology and cytopathology services. A close liaison exists between pathologists and treating physicians in order to optimize patient care.

Clinical Pathology
Routine Chemistry: The Routine Chemistry section is equipped with state-of-the-art chemistry analyzers. Clinical chemistry is primarily concerned with biochemical analysis of a wide range of biological samples for diagnosis and monitoring of patients. The section is involved in investigative and clinical research activities.

Special Chemistry: The Special Chemistry section offers a vast menu of specialized tests using the latest analyzers and equipment.

Blood Bank: A full service Blood Bank is available. Each donor or donated blood sample is screened for major infectious diseases. The Blood Bank is also equipped with top-of-the-line apheresis machines, allowing us to separate the blood component and perform therapeutic apheresis.

Haematology and Coagulation: This section is one of the vital components of the Pathology Laboratory. It is equipped with latest differential analyzers which includes the measurement of nucleated RBC’s and auto-correcting the WBC count. The auto-stainer, manages to create peripheral smears in minutes for manual assessment.

For coagulation studies, a coagulation analyzer performs a complete profile from PT/INR, APTT and clotting factor assays.

Other tests offered in haematology include CBC with manual differential, RBC morphology, reticulocyte manual estimation, G-6PD quantitation, RBC fragility studies, and haemoglobin electrophoresis, among others. The Haematology and Coagulation section also has a dedicated bone marrow evaluation service.

Flow Cytometry: The section is equipped a multi-colour flow cytometry machine, offering complete immune-phenotyping for leukaemia and lymphoma patients on blood, bone marrow aspirate, body fluids and solid tissue.

Diagnostic tests for paroxysmal nocturnal haemoglobinuria and, CD4 and CD8 subset quantitation are also offered.

Microbiology and Molecular Biology: The Microbiology section provides bacteriology, mycology and urinalysis services used in diagnosis, therapy and management of infectious diseases including cultures and drug susceptibility testing. The section is equipped with automated blood culture systems. There is a dedicated TB lab for the detection of MTB and sensitivity testing. Food, water and environmental testing are also offered.

The Molecular Biology section offers PCR-based assays for early detection of hepatitis C, hepatitis B and MTB. HCV genotyping is also available using a protocol developed by the SKMCH&RC’s research division. The section also offers FISH testing for HER2/neu.

Medical Cytogenetics: The Medical Cytogenetics section of the laboratory offers chromosome analysis for patients suffering from cancer and/or congenital disorders. Analysis of chromosomes is done for diagnosis, prognosis and treatment outcome of vast variety of haematological disorders such as leukaemia, lymphomas, myelomas etc. The lab also performs fluorescence in-situ hybridization (FISH) analysis to detect specific chromosome abnormalities.

Training Opportunities

The Department of Pathology conducts a one year Post Graduate Diploma Program in Medical Laboratory Technology in Clinical Pathology.

The Faculty comprises Pathologists, Molecular Biologists, Microbiologist and Senior Medical Technologists.

The Department of Pathology also managed residency program in surgical pathology, microbiology and haematopathology.

Student Electives

The electives program at the Department of Pathology aims to provide students with the theoretical and practical knowledge of medical laboratory technology in clinical and anatomical pathology settings. The program involves a coordinated combination of short rotations, to provide exposure to several subspecialty areas within the pathology department so that students acquire an integrated understanding of the role of pathologists, medical laboratory technologists, laboratory information systems, in medical and surgical diagnosis, and management. The cumulative effect will be a representative introduction to elements of surgical pathology, molecular pathology, cytopathology, microbiology, hematology, blood bank, immunology, clinical chemistry and informatics.