Pathology at SKMCH&RC, Lahore

The Pathology Laboratory at SKMCH&RC, Lahore consists of the Anatomical and Clinical Pathology sections including the Blood Bank. With its comprehensive test menu, more than 5 million tests and procedures are performed every year. Both the Laboratory and the Blood Bank are open 24 hours a day, 7 days a week, with Consultant Pathologists available on call round the clock.

OUR EXPERTISE

For the convenience of our patients, laboratory test results can be accessed online on our website. Test results remain with us indefinitely as a result of our advanced patient data management systems.

Our modern laboratory facility has a robust quality assurance and patient safety program and is registered with the College of American Pathologists for proficiency in testing and sustaining 100 per cent accuracy results over the years, which is evidence of our high standards and constant pursuit of excellence.

A combined commitment to quality and service is magnified by the talent and expertise of our staff.

Anatomical Pathology

The Anatomical Pathology division, the heart of the Pathology Department, provides surgical pathology and cytopathology services. A close liaison exists between pathologists and treating physicians in order to optimise patient care.

Clinical Pathology

Routine Chemistry: The Routine Chemistry section is equipped with state-of-the-art chemistry analysers. Clinical chemistry is primarily concerned with biochemical analysis of a wide range of biological samples for diagnosis and monitoring of patients. The section is involved in investigative and clinical research activities.

Special Chemistry: The Special Chemistry section offers a vast menu of specialised tests using the latest analysers and equipment.

Blood Bank: A full service Blood Bank is available. Each donor or donated blood sample is screened for major infectious diseases. The Blood Bank is also equipped with top-of-the-line apheresis machines, allowing us to separate the blood component and perform therapeutic apheresis.

Haematology and Coagulation: This section is one of the vital components of the Pathology Laboratory. It is equipped with a 5-part differential analyser which includes the measurement of nucleated RBC’s and auto-correcting the WBC count. The auto-stainer, manages to create peripheral smears in minutes for manual assessment.

For coagulation studies, a coagulation analyser performs a complete profile from PT/INR, APTT and clotting factor assays.

Other tests offered in haematology include CBC with manual differential, RBC morphology, reticulocyte manual estimation, G-6PD quantitation, RBC fragility studies, and haemoglobin electrophoresis, among others. The Haematology and Coagulation section also has a dedicated bone marrow evaluation service.

Flow Cytometry: The section is equipped a multi-colour flow cytometry machine, offering complete immune-phenotyping for leukaemia and lymphoma patients on blood, bone marrow aspirate, body fluids and solid tissue.

Diagnostic tests for paroxysmal nocturnal haemoglobinuria and, CD4 and CD8 subset quantitation are also offered. DNA ploidy and S-phase studies as well as foetal haemoglobin detection will be offered in the near future.

Microbiology and Molecular Biology: The Microbiology section provides bacteriology, mycology and urinalysis services used in diagnosis, therapy and management of infectious diseases including cultures and drug susceptibility testing. The section is equipped with an automated blood culture system. There is a dedicated TB lab for the detection of MTB and sensitivity testing. Food, water and environmental testing are also offered.

The Molecular Biology section offers PCR-based assays for early detection of hepatitis C, hepatitis B and MTB. HCV genotyping is also available using a protocol developed by the SKMCH&RC’s research division. The section also offers FISH testing for HER2/neu and plans to launch tissue typing in the near future.

Training Opportunities for Physicians

The Department of Pathology conducts a one year Post Graduate Diploma Program in Medical Laboratory Technology in Clinical Pathology.

The Faculty comprises Pathologists, Molecular Biologists, Microbiologist and Senior Medical Technologists.

Research

All areas in anatomic and clinical pathology engage in developmental and research activities. Shaukat Khanum Cancer Hospital laboratory has been acting as the “Central lab” of the region for multinational clinical trials.

The Department of Pathology works in close collaboration with the Basic Sciences Department of the Research Wing of SKMCH&RC.

Awards, Certifications & Affiliations

The Department of Pathology at SKMCH&RC is recognized by the College of Physicians and Surgeons of Pakistan for FCPS-II training in Anatomic Pathology.

The Department of Pathology is ISO 9001-2008 (QMS) certified and is registered with the College of American Pathologists in their External Survey Program for proficiency testing.